The Committee to Protect
Journalists condemns recent violence against journalists in
On April 10, Reuters
cameraman Hiro Muramoto was shot and killed in
Our interviews with journalists also indicated that the military and other government agencies have failed to fully cooperate with at least one independent investigation probing the circumstances surrounding Muramoto’s death, by not allowing interviews with soldiers who were near the journalist before he was shot. We call on you to make the CCTV footage and any other relevant information available to investigators, diplomats, and journalists.
We also urge you to launch an independent probe into the killing of Italian photojournalist Fabio Polenghi, who was fatally shot in the abdomen on May 19 while covering your government’s crackdown on protesters. Some of his colleagues told CPJ that they think he may have been deliberately targeted because he was killed while visibly carrying a camera in an open area with few protesters. After Polenghi’s shooting, some local reporters removed their green armbands that had identified them as journalists, fearing they might be targeted by shooters.
At least seven other foreign and local journalists were shot or injured by grenade shrapnel while covering armed exchanges between security forces and UDD protesters last month, according to news reports. Among those cases are:
· On May 14,
· On May 19, freelance Canadian reporter Chandler Vandergrift was seriously injured in a grenade attack while moving with a group of soldiers and journalists near the perimeter of the UDD’s protest site. He was hit by shrapnel in the head and back and required emergency brain surgery. According to a colleague, he is slowly regaining mobility in the right side of his body.
· Dutch journalist Michel Maas, a reporter with Dutch National TV and Radio Netherlands Worldwide, was shot in the shoulder on May 19 while taking cover during a security force offensive against protesters. He told Agence France-Presse from the hospital that he believed he was shot from behind by Thai soldiers because the bullet came from the direction where troops were stationed.
This is a short list of a
much wider range of press freedom violations that occurred during the recent
political unrest in
The government may be concerned about broadcasts aimed at inciting violence on certain radio stations aligned with the UDD, but we are concerned that your spreading censorship activities have been extended to other news outlets that present news and views that are merely in opposition to your government. In particular, we note your government’s orders to shut down independent news Web site Prachatai and censor state broadcast media coverage of the May 19 military crackdown.
We likewise condemn UDD protester attacks on local media, including the arson attacks on Channel 3’s headquarters in Bangkok that required scores of reporters and staff members to be evacuated from the building by helicopter. And we are carefully investigating reports we have received from journalists and rights groups that UDD gunmen may have deliberately targeted and shot foreign journalists in a bid to discredit your government internationally.
Prime Minister, you have maintained throughout these turbulent times in Thailand that your government is committed to upholding the rule of law and is endeavoring to achieve reconciliation through democratic processes. At a press conference with foreign reporters on May 29, you acknowledged that the media should not be targeted in the course of your country’s political conflict and expressed your belief that journalists are entitled to do their jobs without fear of reprisal.
One meaningful step toward affirming those statements would be to instruct parliament to establish a commission that would ensure an independent investigation into recent attacks on the press. The inquiry should be made public, and, where appropriate, cases should be referred for legal prosecution. Another step would be to better guarantee the security of journalists in any future street conflicts between troops and protesters. Until then, your government's commitment to press freedom will be in doubt.
We thank you for your attention to these important issues and look forward to your reply.