Attacks on the Press
• Flawed procedures, witness intimidation, bribes mar Maguindanao prosecution.
Aquino pledges reform, but two more journalists are murdered for their work.
3rd: Ranking on CPJ's Impunity Index, reflecting one of the world's worst records in solving press murders.
Trial proceedings began in September for the first 19 defendants in the 2009 massacre in Maguindanao province, raising hopes that impunity's grip on the Philippines would finally be loosened. But in a special report issued in November, CPJ uncovered efforts to subvert the judicial process, including bribe offers to victims' families, and the use of intimidation and deadly violence against witnesses. CPJ's investigation also revealed deeply flawed forensic work and widespread lack of cooperation among law enforcement officials, both of which could hinder the prosecution.