Turkey (78)


Imprisoned before 1994 (8)

Naile Tuncer, Devrimci Proletarya
Imprisoned: May 1992

Tuncer, formerly an editor for the left-wing magazine Devrimci Proletarya, was charged under Article 8 of the Anti-Terror Law. She remains in Canakkale Prison.


Ismail Besikçi
Imprisoned: November 12, 1993

Bektas Cansever, Devrimci Çözüm
Imprisoned: January 7, 1993

Cansever, a reporter for the left-wing magazine Devrimci Çözüm, was taken into custody during a police raid on the magazine’s headquarters in Istanbul. He was subsequently charged with being a member of an outlawed organization and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is in Gebze Prison.


Ismail Günes, Özgür Gündem
Imprisoned: December 11, 1993

Günes, a correspondent for the pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Gündem, was taken into custody during a police raid on the Agri bureau of the newspaper. He was subsequently charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code with being a member of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party and arrested. He was sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is serving his sentence in Çankiri Prison.


Hasan Özgün, Özgür Gündem
Imprisoned: December 9, 1993

Özgün, Diyarbakir correspondent for Özgür Gündem, was taken into custody during a police raid on the paper’s bureau in Diyarbakir. He was charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code with being a member of an outlawed organization and was sentenced to 12 years and 5 months in prison. He is serving his sentence in Aydin Prison.


Hüseyin Solak, Mücadele
Imprisoned: September 1993

Solak, Gaziantep bureau chief of the now-defunct weekly magazine Mücadele, was arrested in September 1993 and later sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is serving his sentence in Çankiri Prison.


Kemal Topalak, Devrimci Çözüm
Imprisoned: January 7, 1993

Topalak, a reporter for Devrimci Çözüm, was taken into custody during a police raid on the magazine’s headquarters in Istanbul. He was subsequently charged with being a member of an outlawed organization and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is in Gebze Prison.


Sinan Yavuz, Yoksul Halkin Gücü
Imprisoned: 1993

Yavuz, formerly the editor of the left-wing weekly Yoksul Halkin Gücü, was arrested in 1993 for articles published in the magazine. He remains in Ankara Prison.


Imprisoned in 1994 (13)

Mehmet Akdemir, Isçi Hareketi
Imprisoned: November 24, 1994

Akdemir, a reporter for the left-wing magazine Isçi Hareketi, was taken into custody during a police raid on the magazine’s main offices in Istanbul. He was subsequently arrested and is being held in Sagùmalcilar Prison.


Metin Alhas, Mücadele
Imprisoned: October 23, 1994

Alhas, one of the Antakya correspondents for the weekly magazine Mücadele, was detained during a police raid on the magazine’s Antakya bureau. He was charged with violating Article 168 of the Penal Code and remains in Antakya Prison.


Aysel Bölücek, Mücadele
Imprisoned: October 11, 1994

Bölücek, one of Mücadele’s Ankara correspondents, was picked up by the police at her home and detained. She was later sentenced under Article 168 of the Penal Code to 12 years and six months in prison. She is being held in Canakkale Prison.


Ali Sinan Çaglar, Mücadele
Imprisoned: August 6, 1994

Çaglar, Mücadele’s Ankara correspondent, was arrested and charged with membership in an illegal organization. On Jan. 23, 1995, he was sentenced to 12 years in prison. His articles in Mücadele and his status as a staff correspondent were used as evidence that he belonged to an outlawed left-wing organization. He is serving his sentence in Konya Prison.


Burhan Gardasü, Mücadele
Imprisoned: January 26, 1994

Gardas, a former Ankara bureau chief for the weekly Mücadele, was the target of several legal cases in 1994 relating to articles published in the magazine. He was sentenced to a total of 15 years in prison and is currently being held in Aydin Prison.


Serdar Gelir, Mücadele
Imprisoned: April 16, 1994

Gelir, one of Mücadele’s Ankara correspondents, was detained on April 16, 1994, and arrested 10 days later. A security court sentenced him to 12 years and six months in prison for being a member of an illegal organization. He is serving his sentence in Yozgat Prison.


Nuray Gezici, Yoksul Halkin Gücü
Imprisoned: April 1994

Gezici, a reporter for Yoksul Halkin Gücü, was arrested in April 1994 and is currently serving a 15-year prison term in Canakkale Prison.


Teoman Gül, Newroz
Imprisoned: November 1994

Gül, a reporter for Newroz magazine, was arrested in November 1994. He is being held in Malatya Prison, although it is unclear under what circumstances.


Ibrahim Özen, Devrimci Çözüm
Imprisoned: April 1994

Özen, a former owner of the magazine Devrimci Çözüm, was taken into custody during a police raid on the magazine’s headquarters in Istanbul. He was charged with being a member of an outlawed organization and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is being held in Gebze Prison in Istanbul.


Gülcan Sariogùlu, Mücadele
Imprisoned: October 23, 1994

Sarioglu, one of the Antakya correspondents for the weekly magazine Mücadele, was detained during a police raid on the magazine’s Antakya bureau. He was charged with aiding an illegal organization and sentenced to three years and nine months in prison. He is serving his term in Nevsehir Prison.


Utku Deniz Sirkeci, Tavir
Imprisoned: August 1994

Sirkeci, the Ankara bureau chief of the leftist magazine Tavir, was charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is serving his sentence in Aydin Prison.


Ocak Isüik Yurtçu, Özgür Gündem
Imprisoned: December 28, 1994

Yurtçu, a prominent writer and journalist who served as the editor of the pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Gündem in 1991 and 1992, was arrested and sent to prison when an appeals court upheld a 15-year and 10 month sentence against him. Charged under the Anti-Terror Law, he was convicted of publishing “separatist propaganda” in various articles that appeared in the daily while he was the editor. He is being held in Sakarya Prison.


Ali Yolcu, Mücadele
Imprisoned: November 1994

Antakya bureau chief of the weekly Mücadele, Yolcu was charged under Article 169 of the Penal Code and sentenced to three years and nine months in prison. He is being held in Antakya Prison.



Imprisoned in 1995 (30)

Hasan Abali, Atilim
Imprisoned: June 15, 1995

Abali, a reporter for the leftist weekly newspaper Atilim, was taken into custody during a police raid on the newspaper’s Mersin bureau. He was later charged with being a member of an outlawed organization and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is in Silifke-Mersin Prison.


Salih Bal, Medya Gunesi
Imprisoned: June 2, 1995

Bal, former editor in chief of the now-defunct Kurdish-language periodical Medya Gunesi, was arrested along with his wife when their home was raided by police. He and his wife, who was eight months pregnant at the time, were held at the anti-terror branch of Istanbul Police Headquarters. Bal’s wife was released after 10 days but Bal was accused of disseminating separatist propaganda under the Anti-Terror Law, among other charges, and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is being held in Istanbul’s Bayrampasüa Prison.


Fatma Bilgin, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: December 12, 1995

Bilgin, an Antakya reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was convicted under Article 168 of the Penal Code and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. She is serving her sentence in Malatya Prison.


Mesut Bozkurt, Atilim
Imprisoned: June 15, 1995

Bozkurt, bureau chief of the Iskenderun office of Atilim, was charged with being a member of an outlawed organization and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison.


Mehmet Çakar, Partizan Sesi
Imprisoned: February 13, 1995

Çakar, the bureau chief in Izmir for the leftist monthly Partizan Sesi, was arrested and charged with being a member of an outlawed organization. He is being held in Izmir-Buca Prison.


Necla Can, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: April 20, 1995

Can, a reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was charged with aiding an outlawed organization. She is currently in Umraniye Prison in Istanbul.


Sadik Çelik, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: May 8, 1995

Çelik, an Ankara-based reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was sentenced under Article 168 of the Penal Code and is presently serving a 12-year and 6 month sentence in Ankara Prison.


Musafa Çoskun, Partizan Sesi
Imprisoned: May 8, 1995

Çoskun, Elazig bureau chief of the leftist monthly Partizan Sesi, was charged and sentenced to prison for being a member of an outlawed organization. He is in Bursa Prison.


Erdal Dogan, Alinteri
Imprisoned: July 14, 1995

Dogan, a reporter for the Ankara office of the leftist weekly Alinteri, was arrested and later charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He was sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is being held in Bursa Prison.


Ufuk Dogùubay, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: July 26, 1995

Dogùubay, a former editor of the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was convicted under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is serving a 12-year and six-month sentence in Sagùmalcilar Prison.


Özgür Güdenogùlu, Mücadele
Imprisoned: May 24, 1995

Güdenogùlu, Mücadele’s Konya bureau chief, was arrested. He remains in Konya Prison.


Fatma Harman, Atilim
Imprisoned: June 15, 1995

Harman, a reporter for the leftist weekly newspaper Atilim, was taken into custody during a police raid on the newspaper’s Mersin bureau. She was later charged and sentenced under Article 168 of the Penal Code to 12 years and six months in prison. She is currently in Sakarya Prison.


Hanim Harman, Mücadele
Imprisoned: February 4, 1995

Harman, one of Mücadele’s Malatya correspondents, was sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison under Article 168 of the Penal Code. She is serving her sentence in Sakarya Prison.


Kamber Inan, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: July 26, 1995

Inan, a reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested and charged with being a member of an outlawed organization. He is currently in Sagùmalcilar Prison in Istanbul.


Mustafa Kiliç, Newroz
Imprisoned: 1995

Kiliç, a reporter with the pro-Kurdish weekly Newroz, was arrested sometime in 1995 and remains in Malatya Prison.


Murat Kirsay, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: November 22, 1995

Kirsay, Adana bureau chief of the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested on Nov. 22, 1995, and is being held in Sayaimbeyil Prison in Adana.


Bülent Öner, Atilim
Imprisoned: June 15, 1995

Öner, a reporter for the leftist weekly newspaper Atilim, was taken into custody during a police raid on the newspaper’s Mersin bureau. He was later charged with being a member of an outlawed organization and sentenced to 12 years and 6 months in prison. He is currently being held in Iskenderun Prison.


Kemal Süahin, Özgür Gündem
Imprisoned: November 1995

Süahin, the former editor in chief of the now-defunct pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Gündem, was arrested and accused of being a member of an outlawed organization. There are also several cases pending against him stemming from his days as the daily’s editor. He is being held in Umraniye Prison in Istanbul.


Bülent Sümbül, Özgür Halk
Imprisoned: April 1995

Sümbül, a reporter working in the Diyarbakir bureau of the pro-Kurdish monthly magazine Özgür Halk, was arrested during a police raid on the Diyarbakir office. Tried and convicted under Article 168 of the Penal Code, he was sentenced to three years and six months in prison. He is being held in Diyarbakir Prison.


Nuray Tekdagù, Özgür Halk
Imprisoned: October 31, 1995

Tekdagù, a correspondent in Diyarbakir for the pro-Kurdish monthly magazine Özgür Halk, was arrested and charged with aiding an outlawed organization. She was convicted and sentenced to three years and six months in Batman Prison.


Bülent Ecevit Özdemir, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: December 7, 1995

Özdemir, a reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested and charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is currently in Konya Prison.


Asaf Sah, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: 1995

An Antakya reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, Süah was convicted under Article 169 of the Penal Code and is serving a three-year and nine-month sentence in Nevsehir Prison.


Semiha Topal, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: December 12, 1995

Topal, a reporter for the Antakya bureau of Kurtulus, was arrested and later sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison under Article 168 of the Penal Code. She is serving her term in Malatya Prison.


Sakine Topoglu, Özgür Gündem
Imprisoned: April 11, 1995

Topoglu, a former editor for the pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Gündem, was sentenced under Article 168 of the Penal Code for articles published in the paper during her tenure. Several other cases are pending against her. She is presently being held in Malatya Prison.


Ali Toprak, Atilim
Imprisoned: October 20, 1995

Toprak, Mersin bureau chief of the leftist weekly newspaper Atilim, was detained during a police raid on the paper’s office. He was charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code and awaits a court decision on his case.


Özlem Türk, Mücadele
Imprisoned: 1995

Türk, a reporter for the leftist magazine Mücadele, was sentenced to 12 years and six months under Article 168 of the Penal Code. She is in Canakkale Prison.


Güray Ülkü, Kizilbayrak
Imprisoned: October 3, 1995

Ülkü, a former editor of the leftist weekly Kizilbayrak, has been charged under various articles of the Penal Code and Anti-Terror Law. He is in Bayrampasüa Prison.


Suleyman Yaman, Newroz
Imprisoned: 1995

Yaman, a reporter for Newroz, was arrested sometime in 1995 and remains incarcerated in Malatya Prison.


Barisü Yildirim, Tavir
Imprisoned: March 1995

Yildirim, a columnist for the leftist magazine Tavir, was convicted under Article 168 of the Penal Code and sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison. He is currently in Buca Prison in Izmir.


Ali Yilmaz, Atilim
Imprisoned: March 16, 1995

A reporter for Atilim’s Ankara bureau, Yilmaz was charged and sentenced to three years and nine months in prison for helping and providing shelter to an outlawed organization. He is being held in Ankara Prison.


Imprisoned in 1996 (27)

Cuma Akin, Özgür Halk
Imprisoned: November 17, 1996

Akin, the Batman bureau chief for the pro-Kurdish monthly magazine Özgür Halk, was detained after a police raid on the magazine’s Diyarbakir office. He is being held in Diyarbakir Prison, awaiting official charge.


Veli Aydin, Özgür Gelecek
Imprisoned: May 3, 1996

Aydin, a reporter for the leftist magazine Özgür Gelecek, was arrested and has been charged with membership in an illegal organization under Article 168-2 of the Penal Code. He is currently in Sagùmalcilar Prison.


Tekin Aygün, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: 1996

Aygün, a reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested and remains in Umraniye Prison.


Bülent Balci, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: May 13, 1996

A former editor of the leftist weekly Kurtulus, Balci was sentenced to 12 years and six months in prison under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is in Umraniye Prison.


Özgür Çavusoglu, Atilim
Imprisoned: November 17, 1996

A reporter working at the Izmir bureau of Atilim, Çavusoglu was arrested at his home and charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is being held in Buca Prison.


Ibrahim Çiçek, Atilim
Imprisoned: March 16, 1996

Çiçek, a former editor in chief of the leftist weekly Atilim, was detained during a police raid on the paper’s headquarters in Istanbul. He has been charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code and is being held in Bayrampasüa Prison.


Songül Çinar, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: 1996

Çinar, a reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested and charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. She is currently in Ankara Prison.


Mustafa Demirdaùg, Özgür Gelecek
Imprisoned: May 12, 1996

Demirdagù, an editor for the leftist magazine Özgür Gelecek, was arrested and later tried and convicted under the Anti-Terror Law. He is serving a three-year and five-month sentence in Sakarya Prison.


Beyazit Ekiz, Kizilbayrak
Duygu Tuna, Kizilbayrak
Imprisoned: November 1996

Ekiz and Tuna, reporters for the Gebze bureau of the leftist weekly Kizilbayrak, were detained during a police raid on the magazine’s office. Both women were formally arrested and charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. They are being held in Gebze Prison.


Yildiz Gemicioglu, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: June 25, 1996

Gemicioglu, a former Adana bureau chief of the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested and remains in Konya Prison without charge.


Adil Harmanci, Demokrasi
Imprisoned: November 20, 1996

Harmanci, a reporter for the pro-Kurdish daily Demokrasi, was detained at his home in Van by police along with his wife. Although his wife was released, Harmanci remains in Van Prison without charge.


Sedat Hayta, Devrimci Emek
Imprisoned: January 1, 1996

A former editor for the leftist weekly Devrimci Emek, Hayta was arrested and charged under Article 169 of the Penal Code. He is currently in Bayrampasüa Prison in Istanbul.


Erhan Il, Devrimci Emek
Imprisoned: January 30, 1996

Il, a reporter for the leftist magazine Devrimci Emek, was arrested and charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is being held in Bayrampasüa Prison.


Gennue Kiliç, Özgür Ülke
Imprisoned: August 1996

Kiliç, a former editor of the now-defunct pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Ülke, was charged and convicted under Article 169 of the Penal Code. She also faces additional charges under the Penal Code and the Anti-Terror Law for articles published in the newspaper during her tenure.


Altan Koman, Atilim
Imprisoned: June 25, 1996

Koman, a reporter for the Iskenderun bureau of Atilim, was arrested and charged with violating Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is currently in Malatya Prison.


Emin Konar, Özgür Halk
Imprisoned: May 7, 1996

A reporter for the pro-Kurdish monthly magazine Özgür Halk, Konar was detained during a police raid on the magazine’s office in Elazig and later arrested and charged under Article 169 of the Penal Code. He was sentenced to three years and six months in prison and is currently in Elbistan Hapas Prison.


Adil Kurt, Newroz
Imprisoned: 1996

Kurt, a reporter for the pro-Kurdish magazine Newroz, was arrested in early 1996 and remains incarcerated in Gaziantep Prison. The circumstances of his imprisonment are not clear.


Özgür Öktem, Devrimci Emek
Imprisoned: February 19, 1996

Öktem, a reporter for the leftist magazine Devrimci Emek, was arrested and charged under Article 168 of the Penal Code. He is being held in Bayrampasüa Prison in Istanbul.


Hatice Onaran, Devrimci Çözüm
Imprisoned: March 19, 1996

Onaran, a former editor for the left-wing magazine Devrimci Çözüm, was sentenced to six years and 10 months in prison under the Anti-Terror Law and the Penal Code for articles published in the magazine during her tenure. She is being held in Gebze Prison.


Özden Özbay, Özgür Ülke
Imprisoned: November 1996

Özbay, the former editor of the now-defunct pro-Kurdish Özgür Ülke, was arrested and charged with violating Article 312 of the Penal Code and Articles 6,7, and 8 of the Anti-Terror Law. He has yet to be sentenced and is currently in Gebze Prison.


Yazgül Güder Öztürk, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: April 10, 1996

Öztürk, a reporter for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, has been charged with being a member of an outlawed organization under Article 168 of the Penal Code. She remains in Sagùmalcilar Prison.


Hafize Sayran, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: 1996

Sayran, the Zonguldak bureau chief for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was arrested and is being held in Ankara Prison.


Nurcan Turgut, Demokrasi
Imprisoned: June 28, 1996

Turgut, a reporter for the pro-Kurdish daily Demokrasi, was detained by police during a raid on the newspaper’s office in Elazig. She was sentenced to three years and nine months in prison under Article 169 of the Penal Code. Turgut is serving her sentence in Nevsehir Prison.


Fatih Yesüilbag, Özgür Gündem
Imprisoned: August 1996

A former editor in chief of the pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Gündem, Yesüilbag was arrested and charged under numerous articles of the Penal Code and Anti-Terror Law. He is currently being held in Bursa-Keles Prison.


Esra Yildirim, Kurtulus
Imprisoned: November 1996

Yildirim, a Trabzon correspondent for the leftist weekly Kurtulus, was charged under Article 169 of the Penal Code and is currently being held in Ankara Prison.


Muteber Yildirim, Özgür Ülke
Imprisoned: November 19, 1996

Yildirim, a reporter for the now-defunct pro-Kurdish daily Özgür Ülke, was convicted under Article 312 of the Penal Code for an article he wrote for the newspaper. He is currently being held in Bayrampasüa Prison.

appeals to:
His Excellency Necmettin Erbakan
Prime Minister
Basbakanlik
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Fax: 90-312-417-04-76

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