66 Journalists Killed in 1994/Motive Confirmed



Dmitry Kholodov


Mosckovski Komsomolets
Russia
October 17, 1994

Abdul Shariff


freelance
South Africa
January 9, 1994

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2014

1992


Statistical Analysis

Job *

18% Broadcast reporter
6% Camera Operator
3% Columnist / Commentator
23% Editor
8% Photographer
35% Print reporter/writer
3% Producer
2% Publisher/Owner
2% Technician
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Medium *

68% Print
11% Radio
23% Television
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Gender

94% Male
6% Female
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Local / Foreign

83% Local
17% Foreign
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Murder Victims

11% Taken Captive
21% Threatened
11% Tortured

Type of Death

14% Crossfire/Combat
85% Murder
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Impunity in Murder Cases

96% Complete impunity
4% Partial justice
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Suspected Source of Fire in Murder Cases

2% Criminal group
9% Government Officials
13% Military Officials
23% Paramilitary Group
11% Political Group
43% Unknown
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Beats Covered by Victims *

2% Business
15% Corruption
5% Crime
6% Culture
14% Human Rights
50% Politics
27% War
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Freelance

14% Freelance
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All figures are rounded to the nearest full percentage point. * May add up to more than 100 percent because more than one category applies in some cases.


Deadliest Countries in 1994

  1. Algeria: 18
  2. Rwanda: 15
  3. Bosnia: 6
  4. Russia: 3
  5. Somalia: 3
  6. Cambodia: 3
  7. Pakistan: 2
  1. South Africa: 2
  2. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2
  3. Turkey: 2
  4. Tajikistan: 1
  5. Brazil: 1
  6. Burundi: 1
  7. India: 1
  1. Iraq: 1
  2. Afghanistan: 1
  3. Guatemala: 1
  4. Colombia: 1
  5. Angola: 1
  6. Mexico: 1

66 Journalists Killed in 1994/Motive Confirmed

     Terminology explained

Cynthia Elbaum, Freelancer

     December 22, 1994, in Grozny, Russia

Chan Dara, Koh Santepheap

     December 8, 1994, in Kompong Cham, Cambodia

Mohammad Samdani Warsi, Parcham

     December 6, 1994, in Karachi, Pakistan

Said Mekbel, Le Matin

     December 4, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Mohammed Salahuddin, Takbeer

     December 4, 1994, in Karachi, Pakistan

Nasseredine Lekhal, El-Massa

     November 30, 1994, in Boufarik, Algeria

Ahmed Issaad, Algerian Television

     November 30, 1994, Algeria

Adolphe Missamba Ndengi Kavula, Nsemo

     November 12, 1994, in Kasangulu, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Mohamed Salah Benachour, Algerian Press Service

     October 20, 1994, in Boufarik, Algeria

Farah Ziane, Révolution Africaine

     October 20, 1994, in Blida, Algeria

Dmitry Kholodov, Mosckovski Komsomolets

     October 17, 1994, in Moscow, Russia

Tayeb Bouterfif, Algerian Radio

     October 16, 1994, Algeria

Lahcene Bensaadallah, El-Irshad

     October 12, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Smail Sbaghdi, Algerian Press Service

     September 25, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Mouloud Barroudi, National Agency of Filmed News

     September 25, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Alexis Bandyatuyaga, National Radio and Television of Burundi

     September 14, 1994, in Kamenge, Burundi

Victor Hugo López Escobar, Radio Progreso

     September 12, 1994, in Guatemala City, Guatemala

Erol Akgun, Devrimci Cozum

     September 8, 1994, in Gebze, Turkey

Nun Chan, Samleng Yuvachun Khmer

     September 6, 1994, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Pierre Anceaux, freelance

     August 31, 1994, in Baidoa, Somalia

Mohammed Hussein Navab, Keyhan

     August 30, 1994, in Mostar, Bosnia

Ghulam Muhammad Lone, Freelancer

     August 29, 1994, in Kangan, India

Mirwais Jalil, BBC World Service

     July 29, 1994, in an area near Kabul, Afghanistan

Mohamed Lamine Legoui, Algerian Press Service

     July 21, 1994, Algeria

Yasmina Drici, Le Soir d'Alégrie

     July 10, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Artur Gilela, Radio Nacional de Angola

     June 16, 1994, in Kuito, Angola

Yuri Soltis, Interfax

     June 12, 1994, in Moscow, Russia

Tou Chhom Mongkol, Antarakum

     June 11, 1994, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Pierre Kabeya, Kin-Matin

     June 8, 1994, in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ferhat Cherkit, El Moudjahid

     June 7, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Jorge Martín Dorantes, El Crucero

     June 6, 1994, in Morelos, Mexico

André Kameya, Rwanda Rushya

     April-June, 1994, in Rwanda, Rwanda

Khushvakht Haydarsho, Jumhuriyat

     May 18, 1994, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Vénant Ntawucikayenda, TV Rwanda

     May 10, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Francis Tomasic, freelance

     May 1, 1994, in an area near Mostar, Bosnia

Brian Brinton, freelance

     May 1, 1994, in an area near Mostar, Bosnia

Anastase Seruvumba, Imbaga

     April 29, 1994, Rwanda

Charles Karinganire, Le Flambeau

     April 24 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Emmanuel-Damien Rukondo, Rubyiruko-Rubanda

     April 24, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Marcellin Kayiranga, Kanguka

     April 22, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Ken Oosterbroek, The Star

     April 18, 1994, in Thokoza, South Africa

Mohamed Meceffeuk, Détective

     April 13, 1994, in near Chlef, Algeria

Obed Bazimaziki, Le Flambeau

     April 11, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Charles Bideri-Munyangabe, Le Messager

     April 11, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Vincent Rwabukwisi, Kanguka

     April 10-12, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Gratien Karambizi, Imbaga

     April 9, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Tharcisse Rubwiriza, Orinfor

     April 8 or 9, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Gilbert Munana, Le Flambeau

     April 8, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Eudés Nshimiryo, TV Rwanda

     April 7, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Aloys Nyimbuzi, L'Observateur

     April 7, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Winifrida Mukamana, Reba Videwo

     April 7, 1994, in Remera, Rwanda

Lissy Schmidt, Agence France-Presse, Frankfurter Rundschau, Der Tagesspiegel

     April 3, 1994, in Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

Ilaria Alpi, RAI-3 Television

     March 20, 1994, in Mogadishu, Somalia

Madjid Yacef, L'Hebdo Libéré

     March 20, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Miran Krovatin, RAI-3 Television

     March 20, 1994, in Mogadishu, Somalia

Yahia Djamel Benzaghou

     March 19, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Nazim Babaoglu, Ozgur Gundem

     March 12, 1994, in near Urfa, Turkey

Hassan Benaouda, Algerian Television (ENTV)

     March 12, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Abdelkader Hireche, Algerian Television (ENTV)

     February 28, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Joao Alberto Ferreira Souto, Jornal do Estado

     February 19, 1994, in Vitória da Conquista, Brazil

Olivier Quemener, Freelancer

     February 1, 1994, in Algiers, Algeria

Alessandro Otta, RAI-TV

     January 28, 1994, in Mostar, Bosnia

Marco Luchetta, RAI-TV

     January 28, 1994, in Mostar, Bosnia

Dario D'Angelo, RAI-TV

     January 28, 1994, in Mostar, Bosnia

Jessé Medina Parra, El Fogonazo

     January 28, 1994, in Cucuta, Colombia

Abdul Shariff, freelance

     January 9, 1994, in Katlehong Township, South Africa



19 Journalists Killed in 1994/Motive Unconfirmed

     Terminology explained

Khamidjon Khakimov, Khaksuz

     November 18, 1994, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Labib Ibrahim, freelance

     September 17, 1994, in near Qena, Egypt

Risto Djogo, Bosnian-Serb Television

     September 10, 1994, in Pale, Bosnia

Martin Eduardo Munera, Radio Reloj

     September 3, 1994, in Medellín, Colombia

Victor Randrianirina, Malagasy National Radio

     August 23, 1994, Madagascar

Davlatali Rakhmonaliev, Tajikistan State Television

     August 18, 1994, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

José Luis Rojas, La Uníon de Morelos

     July 11, 1994, in Morelos, Mexico

Enrique Peralta Torres, La Uníon de Morelos

     July 6, 1994, in Morelos, Mexico

Vincent Shabakaka, Kiberinka

     June 1, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Alfonse Rutsindura, Amakuruki I Butare

     June 1, 1994, in Butare, Rwanda

Ignace Ruhatana, Kanyarwanda

     June 1, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Jeanne d'Arc Mukamusoni, Le Soleil

     June 1, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Théotime Kamanayo, Kiberinka

     June 1, 1994, in Kigali, Rwanda

Olim Abdulov, Tajikistan State Television

     May 16, 1994, in an area near Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Andrei Aizderdzis, Who's Who

     April 26, 1994, in Khimki, Russia

Radoslava Dada Vujasinovic, Duga

     April 8, 1994, in Belgrade, Serbia

Alexander Chulanov, Belarus National Television

     March 1, 1994, in Minsk, Belarus

Mohamed Hassaine, Alger Républicain

     March 1, 1994, in Larbatache, Algeria

Sergei Dubov, Vsyo Dlya Vas, International and Moscow Business Week

     February 1, 1994, in Novoye Vremya, Russia