24 Journalists Killed in 1998/Motive Confirmed



Philip True


San Antonio Express-News
Mexico

Norbert Zongo


L'indepéndent
Burkina Faso

Tara Singh Hayer


Indo-Canadian Times
Canada

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2014

1992


Statistical Analysis

Job *

25% Broadcast reporter
8% Columnist / Commentator
33% Editor
33% Print reporter/writer
8% Publisher/Owner
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Medium *

71% Print
21% Radio
17% Television
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Gender

92% Male
8% Female
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Local / Foreign

88% Local
13% Foreign
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Murder Victims

14% Taken Captive
38% Threatened
10% Tortured

Type of Death

8% Crossfire/Combat
4% Dangerous Assignment
88% Murder
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Impunity in Murder Cases

76% Complete impunity
14% Partial justice
10% Full justice
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Suspected Source of Fire in Murder Cases

10% Criminal group
24% Government Officials
5% Local Residents
19% Military Officials
10% Paramilitary Group
14% Political Group
19% Unknown
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Beats Covered by Victims *

4% Business
46% Corruption
21% Crime
4% Culture
13% Human Rights
38% Politics
4% Sports
8% War
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Freelance

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All figures are rounded to the nearest full percentage point. * May add up to more than 100 percent because more than one category applies in some cases.


Deadliest Countries in 1998

  1. Colombia: 4
  2. Mexico: 2
  3. Brazil: 2
  4. Russia: 2
  5. Nigeria: 2
  6. Georgia: 1
  1. Philippines: 1
  2. Burkina Faso: 1
  3. Ethiopia: 1
  4. Afghanistan: 1
  5. Republic of Congo: 1
  6. Canada: 1
  1. Angola: 1
  2. Bangladesh: 1
  3. Rwanda: 1
  4. Thailand: 1
  5. Sierra Leone: 1

24 Journalists Killed in 1998/Motive Confirmed

     Terminology explained

Philip True, San Antonio Express-News

     December 15, 1998, in Jalisco, Mexico

Norbert Zongo, L'indepéndent

     December 13, 1998, in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Tara Singh Hayer, Indo-Canadian Times

     November 18, 1998, in Vancouver, Canada

Okezie Amaruben, Newsservice

     September 2, 1998, in Enugu, Nigeria

Saiful Alam Mukul, Daily Runner

     August 30, 1998, in Jessore, Bangladesh

Fabien Fortuné Bitoumbo, Radio Liberté

     August 29, 1998, in Mindouli, Republic of Congo

Anatoly Levin-Utkin, Yurichichesky Peterburg Segodnya

     August 24, 1998, in St. Petersburg, Russia

Amparo Leonor Jiménez Pallares, "QAP" and "En Vivo"

     August 11, 1998, in Valledupar, Colombia

Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian News Agency (IRNA)

     August 8, 1998, in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan

Larisa Yudina, Sovietskaya Kalmykia Segodnya

     June 8, 1998, in Elista, Russia

Simao Roberto, Journal de Angola

     June 5, 1998, in Luanda, Angola

Georgy Chanya, Resonants

     May 26, 1998, in Gali, Georgia

Bernabé Cortés Valderrama, Noticias CVN

     May 19, 1998, in Cali, Colombia

Nelson Carvajal Carvajal, Radio Sur

     April 16, 1998, in Pitalito, Colombia

Edward Smith, BBC

     April 13, 1998, in Banbanduhun, Sierra Leone

Rey Bancayrin, Radio DXLL

     March 30, 1998, in Zamboanga City, Philippines

José Carlos Mesquita, TV Ouro Verde

     March 10, 1998, in Ouro Preto do Oeste, Brazil

Tunde Oladepo, The Guardian

     February 26, 1998, in Abeokuta, Nigeria

Oscar García Calderón, El Espectador

     February 22, 1998, in Bogotá, Colombia

Luis Mario García Rodríguez, La Tarde

     February 12, 1998, in Mexico City, Mexico

Abay Hailu, Agiere

     February 9, 1998, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Wilson Ndayambadje, National Rwanda Radio and TV

     January 28 1998, in Gisenyi, Rwanda

Manoel Leal de Oliveira, A Regiao

     January 14, 1998, in Itabuna, Brazil

Sayomchai Vijitwittayapong, Matichon

     January 10, 1998, in Phichit, Thailand



13 Journalists Killed in 1998/Motive Unconfirmed

     Terminology explained

Majid Sharif, Iran-e-Farda

     November 24, 1998, in Tehran, Iran

José Arturo Guapacha, El Panorama

     October 18, 1998, in Cartago, Colombia

Saúl Alcaraz, Instituto Mi Río

     October 14, 1998, in Medellín, Colombia

Néstor Villar Jiménez, Former journalist

     September 11, 1998, in Villavicencio, Colombia

Belmonde Magloire Missinhoun, La Pointe Congo

     September 3, 1998, in Kinshasha, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Carlos Mavroleon, Freelancer

     August 27, 1998, in Peshawar, Pakistan

Tesfaye Tadesse, Mestawet and Lubar

     June 7, 1998, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Nelson Catipay, DXMY Radio

     April 16, 1998, in Cotabato City, Philippines

José Amaya Jacinto, Radio Satélite

     April 6, 1998, in La Unión, Peru

Isabel Chumpitaz Panta, Radio Satélite

     April 6, 1998, in La Unión, Peru

Ivan Fedyunin, Bryanskie Izvestia

     March 31, 1998, in Bryansk, Russia

José Abel Salazar Serna, Radio journalist

     March 14, 1998, in Manizales, Colombia

Didier Aristizábal Galeano, Radio journalist

     March 2, 1998, in Cali, Colombia