36 Journalists Killed in 1999/Motive Confirmed



Ahmet Taner Kislali


Cumhuriyet
Turkey

Sander Thoenes


Freelancer
East Timor

Jaime Garzón


Radionet, Caracol Noticias
Colombia

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2014

1992


Statistical Analysis

Job *

14% Broadcast reporter
8% Camera Operator
8% Columnist / Commentator
14% Editor
6% Photographer
44% Print reporter/writer
3% Producer
6% Publisher/Owner
6% Technician
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Medium *

69% Print
19% Radio
19% Television
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Gender

100% Male
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Local / Foreign

78% Local
22% Foreign
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Murder Victims

24% Taken Captive
29% Threatened
6% Tortured

Type of Death

33% Crossfire/Combat
19% Dangerous Assignment
47% Murder
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Impunity in Murder Cases

94% Complete impunity
6% Partial justice
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Suspected Source of Fire in Murder Cases

12% Government Officials
18% Military Officials
18% Paramilitary Group
47% Political Group
6% Unknown
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Beats Covered by Victims *

3% Business
17% Corruption
8% Crime
3% Culture
11% Human Rights
28% Politics
3% Sports
50% War
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Freelance

14% Freelance
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All figures are rounded to the nearest full percentage point. * May add up to more than 100 percent because more than one category applies in some cases.


Deadliest Countries in 1999

  1. Sierra Leone: 10
  2. Yugoslavia: 6
  3. Colombia: 5
  4. Nigeria: 3
  1. Russia: 3
  2. Sri Lanka: 2
  3. East Timor: 2
  4. Burma: 2
  1. Argentina: 1
  2. Turkey: 1
  3. Lebanon: 1

36 Journalists Killed in 1999/Motive Confirmed

     Terminology explained

Anura Priyantha, Independent Television Network

     December 18, 1999, in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Indika Pathinivasan, Maharaja Television Network

     December 18, 1999, in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Pablo Emilio Medina Motta, TV Garzón

     December 4, 1999, in Gigante, Colombia

Samson Boyi, The Scope

     November 5, 1999, in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Shamil Gigayev, Nokh Cho TV

     October 29, 1999, in Shaami Yurt, Russia

Ramzan Mezhidov, TV Tsentr

     October 29, 1999, in Shaami Yurt, Russia

Supian Ependiyev, Groznensky Rabochy

     October 27, 1999, in Grozny, Russia

Rodolfo Julio Torres, Emisora Fuentes

     October 21, 1999, in San Onofre, Colombia

Ahmet Taner Kislali, Cumhuriyet

     October 21, 1999, in Ankara, Turkey

U Tha Win, Kyemon

     October 2, 1999, in Rangoon, Burma

U Hla Han, Kyemon

     September 27, 1999, in Rangoon, Burma

Agus Muliawan, Asia Press International

     September 25, 1999, in Baucau, East Timor

Sander Thoenes, Freelancer

     September 21, 1999, in Dili, East Timor

Guzmán Quintero Torres, El Pilón

     September 16, 1999, in Valledupar, Colombia

Jaime Garzón, Radionet, Caracol Noticias

     August 13, 1999, in Bogotá, Colombia

Gabriel Gruener, Stern

     June 13, 1999, in Kosovo, Yugoslavia

Volker Kraemer, Stern

     June 13, 1999, in Kosovo, Yugoslavia

Sam Nimfa-Jan, Details

     May 27, 1999, in Kafanchan, Nigeria

Ricardo Gangeme, El Informador Chubutense

     May 13, 1999, in Trelew, Argentina

Shao Yunhuan, Xinhua News Agency

     May 8, 1999, in Belgrade, Yugoslavia

Xu Xinghu, The Guangming Daily

     May 8, 1999, in Belgrade, Yugoslavia

Zhu Ying, The Guangming Daily

     May 8, 1999, in Belgrade, Yugoslavia

Conrad Roy, Expo Times

     April 30, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Fidelis Ikwuebe, Freelancer

     April 18, 1999, in Anambra, Nigeria

Hernando Rangel Moreno, Freelancer

     April 11, 1999, in El Banco, Colombia

Slavko Curuvija, Dnevni Telegraf, Evropljanin

     April 11, 1999, in Belgrade, Yugoslavia

Ilan Roeh, Israel Radio

     February 28, 1999, in southern Lebanon, Lebanon

Abdulai Jumah Jalloh, African Champion

     February 3, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Alpha Amadu Bah, Independent Observer

     January 17, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Myles Tierney, Associated Press Television News

     January 10, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Jenner "J.C." Cole, SKY-FM

     January 9, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Paul Mansaray, Standard Times

     January 9, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Mabay Kamara, Freelancer

     January 9, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Mohammed Kamara, SKY-FM

     January 9, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

James Ogogo, Concord Times

     January 8, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Munir Turay, freelance

     January, 1999, in Freetown, Sierra Leone



17 Journalists Killed in 1999/Motive Unconfirmed

     Terminology explained

Vasthian Anthony Mariyadas, Freelancer

     December 31, 1999, in Vavuniya, Sri Lanka

Larry Lee, BridgeNews

     December 28, 1999, in Guatemala City, Guatemala

Nawaz Zulfiqar Memon, The Nation

     December 3, 1999, in Islamabad, Pakistan

Luis Alberto Rincón Solano, Freelancer

     November 28, 1999, in El Playón, Colombia

Alberto Sánchez Tovar, Producciones Colombia

     November 28, 1999, in El Playón, Colombia

Atputharajah Nadarajah, Thinamurusu

     November 2, 1999, in Colombo, Sri Lanka

N.A. Lalruhlu, Shan

     October 10, 1999, in Manipur, India

Abdoulaye Bakayoko, Le Libéral

     September 21, 1999, in Abidjan, Ivory Coast

Rohana Kumara, Satana

     September 7, 1999, in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Mauricio Cristovao, Radio 5

     August 31, 1999, in Luanda, Angola

Dzhumakhon Khotami, Tajikistan's Interior Ministry

     July 5, 1999, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Vadim Rudenko, ORT

     June 30, 1999, in Moscow, Russia

Jill Dando, BBC

     April 26, 1999, in London, UK

Bolade Fasasi, National Association of Women Journalists

     March 31, 1999, in Ibadan, Nigeria

Irfan Hussain, Outlook

     March 13, 1999, in New Delhi, India

Valentina Neverova, Pravo

     February 10, 1999, in Samara, Russia

Shivani Bhatnagar, Indian Express

     January 23, 1999, in New Delhi, India