In South Sudan, gunmen kill five journalists in an ambush on an official convoy in January. Press freedom has deteriorated since the country gained independence in 2011, with journalists telling CPJ
during a September visit they fear covering sensitive subjects such as rebel activity. Government officials warn against
interviewing rebels and demand the media show loyalty in coverage; security agents harass the press, raid media outlets, and confiscate print runs; and journalists face arbitrary detentions as the country struggles with civil war.