Attacks on the Press
• In run-up to Communist Party Congress, authorities clamp down on Internet.
Critical blogs targeted in hacking attacks; government complicity seen.
5: Online journalists imprisoned on December 1, reflecting crackdown on Internet commentary.
Vietnam targeted online journalists in a clampdown on dissent ahead of a 2011 Communist Party Congress at which top government appointments and policies were to be determined. At least five journalistic bloggers were among dozens of activists arrested on national security-related charges, including "spreading propaganda against the state" and "abusing democratic freedoms." The government maintained some of the world's strictest Internet controls, which included blocks on Facebook and numerous Vietnamese-language websites, including those maintained by the exile-run, pro-democracy Viet Tan and human rights organizations critical of the government. Independent analysts found evidence of official involvement in hacking attacks on critical blogs and websites.