Reports   |   Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Turkey

Balancing Act

Joining the club: accession and press freedom

Accession to the EU is often described as one of the most effective democracy promotion projects in the world. Countries vying for membership must prove themselves on a range of political and legal criteria that include provisions on standards for human rights, freedom of expression, and press freedom. Currently, five countries—Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey—are negotiating with Brussels, with Bosnia Herzegovina and Kosovo as so-called potential candidates. None has a respectable press freedom record. “They score significantly below the EU average,” notes Jennifer Dunham, project manager at the U.S.-based watchdog organization Freedom House. CPJ research has documented systemic press freedom failings, all confirmed in the European Commission’s annual progress reports, which assess the countries’ conformity with EU norms.

Letters   |   Kosovo

Kosovo must probe death threats against BIRN staff

Dear Prime Minister Thaci: As an independent, nonpartisan organization defending press freedom worldwide, the Committee to Protect Journalists urges you to publicly condemn and thoroughly investigate a recent wave of threats against Jeta Xharra, head of the Kosovo office of the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network (BIRN), and her colleagues.

June 17, 2009 2:32 PM ET


Reports   |   Algeria, Benin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, France, Germany, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Lebanon, Maldives, Mexico, Missing, Nepal, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Uganda, Ukraine

Journalists Missing

CPJ research indicates that the following journalists have disappeared while doing their work. Although some of them are feared dead, no bodies have been found, and they are therefore not classified as "Killed." If a journalist disappeared after being held in government custody, CPJ classifies him or her as "Imprisoned" as a way to hold the government accountable for the journalist's fate.

Attacks on the Press   |   Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Attacks on the Press 2004: Europe and Central Asia Analysis

by Alex Lupis

Authoriatarian rulers strengthened their hold on power in many former Soviet republics in 2004. Their secretive, centralized governments aggressively suppressed all forms of independent activity, from journalism and human rights monitoring to religious activism and political opposition.

Reports   |   Bosnia, Georgia, Kosovo, Serbia, Yugoslavia

Progress Denied

Even with Milosevic in jail, Serbia and Bosnia remain dangerous for the independent press.
June 1, 2002 8:17 PM ET


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