Exile by Region
|48||Middle East & North Africa|
|2||Europe & Central Asia|
Reasons for Exile*
|37%||Threat of Imprisonment|
|47%||Threat of Violence|
All figures are rounded to the nearest full percentage point. *May add up to more than 100 percent because more than one category applies in some cases.
Able to Work as Journalist in Exile
|12%||Continue Working in Exile|
Able to Return Home
|2%||Able to Return Home|
CPJ's annual exile report counts only cases who have been supported by the organization’s Journalist Assistance Program. CPJ uses this research, combined with expert analysis, to identify global trends. The survey includes only journalists who fled due to work-related persecution, who remained in exile for at least three months, and whose current whereabouts and activities are known to CPJ. The survey does not include the many journalists and media workers who leave their countries for professional opportunities, or to flee general violence, or those who were targeted for activities other than journalism, such as political activism.
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1. Issue a presidential policy directive prohibiting the hacking and surveillance of journalists and media organizations.
2. Limit aggressive prosecutions that ensnare journalists and intimidate whistleblowers.
3. Prevent the harassment of journalists at the U.S. border.
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