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Africa



Video: CPJ Risk List

From Somalia, where murders soared, to Ethiopia, where terror laws are used to silence journalists, the 10 countries where press freedom suffered the most in 2012.


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Governments exploit national security laws to punish critical journalists.


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Africa


Forced Into Exile by Year

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2012

2009


Regional Data

14

Journalists Killed in 2012

217

Journalists in Exile, 2007-12



126

Journalists Killed Since 1992

44

Imprisoned on December 1, 2012



82

Unsolved Journalist Murders Since 1992

5

Missing as of December 31, 2012


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Democratic
Republic
of Congo

90 Anti-press attacks, with a sharp rise in the conflict-ridden east.
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Eritrea

1st Most censored nation in the world, CPJ finds. No international reporters are allowed, and domestic media are under absolute state control.

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Ethiopia

49 Journalists forced into exile since 2007. Intimidation and repression were causes.
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Kenya

67% Most attacks occurred in small towns. Corruption was a vulnerable beat.

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Mali

45 Radio stations censored or attacked. Rebels, militants were behind most attacks.
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Nigeria

2 News organizations targeted in bomb attacks by Boko Haram.

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Rwanda

3 Critical journalists imprisoned on December 1.
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Somalia

12 Journalists killed in the deadliest year on record for the Somali press.

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Tanzania

1 Journalist killed by police, the first work-related fatality CPJ has recorded in Tanzania.
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Togo

3 Journalists assaulted by police during coverage of anti-government protests.

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Uganda

24 Journalists assaulted, most of them attacked by police during opposition-related events.

Research by CPJ Advocacy Coordinator Mohamed Keita and CPJ's Nairobi-based consultant, Tom Rhodes.


Slideshow: Year in Photos

Slideshow: Year in Photos